Many Countries Favor Specific Religions

Kuwait, practically a desert with a central oasis , controls about 10 percent of the global oil reserves and is the second richest country in the world. Nearly half of its 750,000 citizens currently live abroad, especially in London. Those who remain in the country share its terrible climate with 1.5 million foreign workers (before 1991, these included largely well-to-do Palestinians who practically ran Kuwait). Saudi Arabia follows the ultra-conservative Wahhabi form of Islam and is seen by some outsiders as a cause of the international jihadist threat. Missionary cash from the Gulf states probably didn’t start arriving in the United States until the 1990s. The Internet revolution in the late 1990s and the coming of easily accessible satellite television, which broadcasts an astonishing array of the Middle East’s hard-core Muslim preachers, magnified the influence of Islamic puritanism. Where in the 1980s and much of the 1990s an Islamic radical in Europe needed a mosque to find comrades and fraternity with the larger militant world, a radical in America or Europe today can find communion via the Internet and TV.

  • Riyadh has also become increasingly apprehensive of itself becoming the target of its own Islamic militants.
  • In interviews with Moroccan university students about Morocco’s religious heritage, the topic of King Hassan arose organically.
  • Members of the city’s Muslim association have donated $2.8 million toward its construction.
  • One observer argues that “Saudi Arabia is commonly characterized as aggressively exporting Wahhabism, it has in fact imported pan-Islamic Salafism,” which influenced native Saudi religious/political beliefs.
  • His studies at Lipia paved the way for further education in Riyadh, where he forged enduring networks with Saudi clerics.

Instead, they were seizing an opportunity created by imperial conquests to tap into and co-opt the hajj, a global Islamic network, as a mechanism of imperial integration and expansion. One effect of colonial domination of Muslim-majority lands was that the hajj came under European influence and control for the first time in history. Russia—which has 14 million Muslim citizens, the largest population of any European country—has perhaps done the most to support its citizen-hajj pilgrims. Since the early 2000s, under thePutingovernment, Russia’s Muslims have enjoyed discounted flights to Jeddah during hajj season on Aeroflot, the state airline. A state-created hajj liaison office arranges visas and transportation.

European Muslims Are Often Influenced By Muslim Majority Nations And Transnational Movements Led By Well

The conflict between two Muslim groups in Iraq had already led to other bombings. In June 2005, a suicide bomber killed at least 19 people at an Afghan mosque. Like other places of worship, mosques can be at the center of social conflicts. Part of the food is given by members of the community, which creates nightly potluck dinners.

Islam Most Common State Religion; Christianity Most Commonly favored Religion

But statistics do not give any indication of the real religious commitment of Muslims in our continent. Funding for bin Ladin’s al-Qa’ida mujahidin and the cancer of international Islamic terrorism came largely from Saudi philanthropists and from other wealthy Gulf entrepreneurs. The Saudi government finds this attitude nearly impossible to overcome when it attempts to bring more of its citizens into the ranks of the employed through its endeavors to expand its economic infrastructure and to bring about the Saudi-ization of its workforce. Moreover, Riyadh’s plans to provide additional workplaces fall far short of matching the rapid Saudi population growth and the number of high school and (half-baked) university graduates that increases from year to year. Indeed, the majority of the unemployed are unprepared to accept most of the lowly jobs that are now performed by a host of foreigners from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, the Philippines, Indonesia, and from poor Arab countries , and there is little chance that this situation will change.